Crop rotation

First make a list of what you want to sow / plant. In doing so, keep in mind that if you sow / plant every year just on the same surface allows diseases and pests can spread. There is no need to use chemicals, rather think about the crop rotation and allelopathy.

Each plant family has different needs for micro and macroelements, and various pests and diseases. So many potential problems can be solved or reduced by crop rotation. Four-year crop rotation is optimal.

Advantages of crop rotation:

  • crop rotation prevents the impoverishment of the soil
  • crop rotation maintains the fertility
  • crop rotation reduces erosion of the soil
  • control pests
  • control of the diseases
  • helps to control weeds

Make sure that every next sowing / planting includes plants from other families.

Family:
Fabaceae - all varieties of beans, peas, soybeans, beans, chickpeas
Brassicaceae - cabbages, Chinese cabbages, kale, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, radish, watercress, mustard, kohlrabi, beets, broccoli
Cucurbitaceae - pumpkins, pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, melon, watermelon
Alliaceae - chives, onions, garlic, shallots, leeks
Asteraceae - lettuce, artichokes
Solanaceae - potato, tomato, peppers, eggplant
Poaceae - corn, sorghum, wheat, barley, oats, rye, millet
Apiaceae - carrot, celery, parsley, parsnip, dill

You don't have to strictly stick to the recommended crop rotation because each veggie bed probably have plants between main culture. Avoid planting species family Solanaceae on the same Veggie bed for at least two years. It would be good if the next / previous crops are Brassicaceae (which consume a lot of nitrogen), and Fabaceae (with bacteria of the genus Rhizobium and Nitrobacterium bind atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compounds suitable plant). You can use these two families as plants between main culture. Keep a diary of sowing / planting.

Crop rotation